New recordings by Gianni Vuolo and Anne Street added to London Law Lectures website.


For a right to be held as an easement it must, by its nature, be capable of amounting to an easement, and secondly, it must be shown that it was acquired in an appropriate way.

Characteristics of easements: This recording by Gianni Vuolodeals with the first of these matters: whether a right has the required characteristics to be capable of being held as an easement.

Acquisition of easements: This recording by Anne Street deals with the second issue – whether a valid enforceable easement was correctly acquired. Anne also gives advice on how to structure an answer to a problem question on easements.

For more information please CLICK HERE


Is 3LOL a Myth? 3 Ways to Handle A Stressful 3L Year

When I started law school there were three things I looked forward to more than anything; 1) landing a summer job, 2) the Thursday afternoon keg and 3) my 3L year. By the time I received my 1L summer job offer and realized that I was far too busy as a 1L to attend the Thursday keg, the only thing that kept me going was my dreams about 3L year. I fantasized about being a 3L who had it all together; a permanent job offer in place, a light class schedule and an exciting social life complete with being in attendance at all the kegs my heart could desire. Fast forward two years later to the start of my 3L year – reality struck. No, I did not have a permanent job offer, my class schedule was busier than ever and, although I had a social life, it was not as free flowing as I would have hoped for. My initial thoughts were that 3LOL is clearly a myth. A phrase coined specifically for 1Ls and 2Ls to dull their angst during stressful periods. However, once I got into the swing of things, I realized that 3LOL isn’t a myth but more of a relative term. Some students may experience the joy of being a free, lighthearted 3L throughout their entire final year. Some, like myself, will only experience the joy of 3LOL during their last semester. Whereas some students may not experience the joy of 3LOL at all.

However, I truly believe that students face more stress in their 3L year because their experience is compounded by an expectation of sheer enjoyment that they were fed throughout law school. Once you can come to terms with the fact that your 3L experience will be relative to your schedule, I think this can help with handling the unexpected stresses of this year. Here are three ways to handle a stressful 3L year:

1. Block Out the Buzz

2. Apply Old Study Habits

3. Stay on Top of Your Schedule

The Types of Professors You’ll Encounter in Law School

From Girls Guide to Law School:

Since many law professors practice law before they teach, and often teach the subject they have already practiced in, it follows that their personalities will resemble those associated with their chosen legal sphere. Thus, certain characteristics will transfer from the workforce into the classroom, which is why there are specific archetypes of professors that every law student will recognize; predominantly identifiable in 1L courses.

While reading through the rest of this post, see if you can identify some of your own professors by matching them to the descriptions below.


The Dinosaur


The Favorite


The Droner

Taking care of yourself during exam season

Lawyers – and therefore, law students – are already predisposed to addictions and unhealthy habits because of the nature of the careers they are undertaking. It’s a problem that the legal community is aware of and has been trying to reconcile for years. So how can you, as a law student approaching midterm exams, make sure that you don’t fall into the trap?

How Do I Make Sure I’m Prepared?

Preparation is the key to exam success, no matter when the exam takes place or what is on it. So how do you make sure you are prepared for a midterm exam? Here are some tips:

  1. Outline Early
  2. Practice Writing Answers
  3. Practice Writing Answers
  4. Study The Right Things

Tips For Self-Care During Exams:

  1. Eat Healthy
  2. Exercise
  3. Get Enough Sleep
  4. Practice Mindfulness And Relaxation
  5. Seek Help If You Need It

New Study: students learn better from printed books

A new study shows that students learn way more effectively from print textbooks than screens

As researchers in learning and text comprehension, our recent work has focused on the differences between reading print and digital media. While new forms of classroom technology like digital textbooks are more accessible and portable, it would be wrong to assume that students will automatically be better served by digital reading simply because they prefer it.


Our work has revealed a significant discrepancy. Students said they preferred and performed better when reading on screens. But their actual performance tended to suffer.


For example, from our review of research done since 1992, we found that students were able to better comprehend information in print for texts that were more than a page in length. This appears to be related to the disruptive effect that scrolling has on comprehension. We were also surprised to learn that few researchers tested different levels of comprehension or documented reading time in their studies of printed and digital texts.

Students judged their comprehension as better online than in print.


From these findings, there are some lessons that can be conveyed to policymakers, teachers, parents and students about print’s place in an increasingly digital world.

1. Consider the purpose

2. Analyze the task

3. Slow it down

4. Something that can’t be measured

First Hand Guide to 1L Courses – Criminal Law

From the excellent Law School Toolbox website:

Understanding what classes you will encounter in your first year will give you the one-up on the rest of your classmates. You do not need a full, in-depth understanding about what these classes entail, especially since each law school follows a different curriculum. However, it is a good idea to understand an overview of each course so you feel comfortable on your first day and comprehend the context of this subject of law. One of the first classes you encounter as a 1L is Criminal Law.

Different than TV??

Unlike many other 1L courses like Torts, most incoming 1Ls have had the most exposure to Criminal Law and feel the most comfortable with this subject. Why is this? Well, many legal dramas revolve around crime and the legal system (think Law & Order, any detective show, etc.). However, the “criminal law” you see on TV versus the Criminal Law you will see in class and in your casebook are vastly different. Yes, there will still be crimes of murder, theft, rape, etc. but how you study them and engage in the subject are much different that how Detective Benson solves crimes. It is best to keep this in mind at the forefront, that way you aren’t confused halfway through the semester.

Common Law Rules (!)

To make law school more confusing for 1Ls, Criminal Law is divided into two jurisdiction categories: MPC-based jurisdictions (more on this in a minute) and Common Law based jurisdictions. I highly (HIGHLY) suggest separating these in your mind and notes right from the get-go because you will need to know both come exam time, and it can be very confusing trying to figure out both. Common law jurisdictions are states in which their statutes are based off the “common law” or judge’s decisions from previous cases. Basically, the common law is based on how other cases were decided and set precedent.

The Good, the Bad, and the MPC

The other side of Criminal Law is based on the MPC. In 1962, a group of Criminal Law scholars came together to create the “MPC” or the Model Penal Code. This is a code that formulates all offenses, elements, defenses, and information on crimes in a concise, organized manner. The intention was to consolidate the authority on Criminal Law so that decisions would be more regulated and consistent, rather than the Common Law counterpart. However, many states did not completely adopt the MPC but have created their own penal code with MPC influence.

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